AFRO TYPE HAIRDRESSING TRAINING COURSE
• The reason for starting this training course is to see many young girls trained in Afro types hair in our academy. It is not well taught in schools and a lot of people want to learn the skills.
• I identify there was a need because when I opened my salon in Bracknell supposedly the only Afro Caribbean salon in the town, I expect to get a staff to work with me but I could not get any, it continued for eight months and I found out that the only person that will apply to work are people who newly came in from Africa. After some time they lose interest and change profession to career or other lucrative jobs. So I decided since there are no home trained Afro Caribbean hairdresser I will start the training and produce stylist either through apprenticeship training or accelerated courses.
WHO WILL BENEFIT FROM THIS TRAINING
• Anyone and everyone interested in learning Afro type hair. It could be African, Caucasian and European, young and old. With ultimate aim to
work as a stylist or open their own salons.
• It will also be extended to schools and colleges where they offer hairdressing as apprentice in Afro type hair or individual stylist, trainers and assessors.
OBJECTIVES WHAT WILL I LEARN
• Learners will be able to know how to manage Afro type hair from basic shampoo and set, colouring, straightening to advance weave and braiding technique.
• They will be able to work on their own in a salon or run their own salon in future.
• Opportunity available to become a trainer as well.
• They will be confident in ever areas of Afro Caribbean hair dressing from level 1 to 4 or update the areas where they are weak.
ABOUT THE TRAINER
• I have over 17 years in running my salon and I have seen that there are not a lot of trainers, assessors or student or apprentice in Afro Caribbean type hair. So it is a vision of mine to change this and impact the young people who are genuinely interested in becoming creative stylist in Afro Caribbean hair or own their own salon.
• My experience afforded me to know all areas of Afro type hairdressing and with this I can team up with a good trainer to train with us not limited to only one area of hairdressing.
• I have trained people in my own salon and they are god but the difference was there was no certification awarded but it is time to get the training certified.
COURSE INFORMATION AND BOOKING
• I expect the apprentice courses will span over 2 years.
• The different hairdressing courses will be 3 month per module 4 full day in the salon a week.
• The certificated module for salon owners will be a week. Mon - Fri
• Courses can be booked online or on the phone.
• There will be both theory and practical exam at the end of each module.
• Deposit payable at the time of booking £250
• Balance to be paid on or before the day of the course.
MATERIALS NEEDED FOR THIS COURSES
• Hair straighter
• Hair dryer
• Pack of synthetic hair for braiding
• Wide tooth, comb, pin tail comb and Brush
• Training head
• Needles and thread
• Grease or styling gel
• Hair clamp
BASIC SHAMPOO AND CONDITIONING TECHNIQUE
• Wash and condition your hair. Start by washing your hair as per usual, and then use a deep conditioner to help soften your strands. Leave the conditioner on your hair for the amount of time recommended on the bottle, then rinse it out with cool water. To minimize dryness and frizz, use a gentle, sulfate-free shampoo.
BASIC CONDITIONING AND BLOW DRY
• Detangle your hair.When you’ve rinsed your conditioner out, use a wide-tooth comb to brush out all the tangles, starting from the ends and working towards the roots. For even gentler detangling, use your fingers to tease out any knots and tangles.
• Blow-dry your hair to relax and defrizz your curls. Use your hairdryer on “low” to blow out your curls, so that they are almost completely dry. Brush out your hair once more to make sure there are no knots, and then you’re ready to start your braids. Blow drying your hair will help stretch and relax the curls, reducing frizz and making the hair easier to manage during the braiding process.
SINGLE BRAIDING TECHNIQUE
• Prepare your packages of braiding hair. Box braids use ‘braid hair’ – synthetic hair strands that are very long – to fill in the space on your scalp and give you plenty of fullness in your braids. Take each chunk of hair out of the packages individually, and hold them in the center, cutting off the elastic bands holding it together. With a grip on the center and the 2 tail ends of the hair hanging down, begin pulling the strands on 1 side of the hair. This will give the ends of your hair a more natural look, otherwise the packaged hair is blunt-cut straight across and your braids will look a bit unnatural when you’re finished. Choose your braid hair in a color similar to your own, and get at least 2 large packages. The longer and thicker you want your braids to be, the more packages of braid hair you will need. If you want shorter braids, use fewer packages and cut the braid hair into halves or thirds.
• When you’re pulling the hair, gently tug at small strands rather than big portions of hair.
• Brush the extensions to remove any knots and tangles and it is ready for use.
• Get a strand of braiding-hair ready for braiding. Section off your first piece of braiding hair into a strand that is about 2–3 inches (5.1–7.6 cm) wide. Then, separate off ⅓ of this section. You should be holding 2 sections with 1 that is twice as thick as the other. Wrap the smaller strand around the larger one, so that the tail ends are facing opposite directions (like ‘><’). Take the smaller strand and grab it at the center where it is intertwined with the first strand. Carefully twist the strand over and under, so that the 2 tail ends form a single piece that sticks out between the original tail strands. You should be left with 3 strands of approximately equal size, which you can hold in 1 hand.
• Section off your hair on your scalp for braiding. Use a rat-tooth comb to carefully section a small piece of hair on your scalp, approximately 1-inch by 1-inch (2.5 cm by 2.5 cm). It will probably be easiest to start on 1 side of your head near your hairline and work your way back, but you can start wherever you are comfortable. Use a bit of hair gel or edge control product to prepare this section, making it easier to manipulate. If you want to do basic box braids, you can section the hair into square “boxes.” You can also get creative and make sections in other shapes, such as diamonds or triangles.
• Start your first braid. Hold your braiding hair in your hand so that 1 strand is between your thumb and index finger, a second strand is between your index and middle finger, and the third strand is hanging behind the first 2. Grab the section of hair closest to your scalp with your thumb and index finger, as close to the roots as possible. To start the braid:
• Reach your empty hand around your head and grab the third strand of braiding hair hanging behind the ones gripped in your hand.
• Simultaneously pull the 3rd strand of hair under and incorporate the hair from your scalp into the section between your thumb and index finger, and twist it over in the opposite direction.
• Pull the third loose section of hair into the middle, between the other 2 sections. You should now have 3 separate strands of hair that are held tight to your scalp, with your natural hair incorporated into 1 of the sections.
• Braid your section of hair. With your braiding hair as close to your scalp as possible, begin braiding tightly in the traditional pattern. Alternate placing the left-most strand over the middle section, and then the right-most strand over the middle section. When you reach the end of your braid, the strands should taper out into a smaller and smaller braid. You don’t need to use an elastic band to hold it in place, as it should hold on its own.
•.Braid additional sections of hair. Repeat the same steps as aforementioned to braid the rest of your head: Section a 1-inch by 1-inch (2.5 cm by 2.5 cm) piece of hair from your scalp, and apply gel or edge control.
• Prepare your braiding hair and part it into 3 strands.
• Use the twisting method to combine your natural hair into your braiding hair.
• Complete the braid using a regular 3-strand method until you reach the ends.
• Perfect each braid. As you braid, it is important to take the time to make sure they are all smooth, flexible, and even. If you notice any bulging strands or lumps in your braid, you’ll need to take it out and start over from the beginning. If your natural hair is sticking out from the strands of your braiding hair, you’ll need to remove your braiding hair and add gel or edge control to moisturize it and reduce frizz. You may have to re-braid the same strand multiple times in order to get it just right.
• If your braid is uneven, you may have started with sections of differing thickness. You’ll have to take out your braiding hair and re-split it into 3 even sections.
WEAVING TECHNIQUE – LEAVE OUT
• Make sure the hair has been washed and detangled.
• I proceed to sectioning the hair with your pin tail comb a small curved section at the back where the first row of the weave will start.
• Depending on the client style be it side parting or centre part, cornrow the hair from front to back.
• Repeat the process and keeping the ends of the hair into each other until all the hair is braided.
• You will have two ends from each braiding that you can lay flat against the rest of the cornrows this makes it falt to feel and touch.
• Next thread you sanitised needle with colour of thread to match the weft to your full arms length to allow you to work a considerable time before you ran out of thread. This allows you to work fast. You can also thread ready two or three needles ready.
• Start stitching with careful attention to the client scalp the weft onto the hair starting from the back.
• The weft can be doubled up if you are using 3 or 4 bundles of hair for fullness, or use as single weft if using only 2 bundles and they will be flat and not very full or heavy. This is clients preference or choice after consultation with them you would recommend what is best.
• Stitch left to right and return right to left with equal spacing between them until all cornrow base is covered. At the leave out area sew double left to close the gap and all other cornrows and then straighten with straightener the hair left out to blend and cover the rest of the weave. Taking particular attention that the hair is flat and smooth if the client tie it back. You can cut the front by feathering the front for client desired finished look.
• Trim the straggling ends of the weave extension if needed otherwise the weave is finished.
• Show the client the finished look and get their approval by showing them the back with mirrors.
• Repeat steps 1 to 5 as above but do not leave out any hair. This technique is especially suitable for people who have natural hair and don’t wish to relax it to match the weave texture, people with grey hair that they don’t want to see, client with receding hair line and maintenance free hair style,
• So the whole of the client hair is cornrowed fully with a part created in the middle or side.
• The closure which is a top piece hair to close off the weft where it finished without showing. There are 4x4 closure or 2x2 closures. We place this on wherever the client want the part to be and it will look perfect with no hair left out.
• Finish and style as usual.
DREADLOCK TECHNIQUE TWIST WITH COMB
• This technique is good for natural hair.
• The process after hair has been washed and conditioned, towel blot dry but not completely. Sit the client down and moisturise the hair with good natural hair moisturiser.
• Working from back to front, section hair into small pieces either round or square depending on client requirement.
• Using twist comb and twist with gel crème, twist the client hair in one direction pilling upwards as you twist until you reach the end, pull and release,
• Continue with each strand of hair until you reach the front.
• The hair can be twisted backward to the sides or forward according to clients preference.
• Once all hair is twisted, you can spray the hair with holding spray, wrap hair in durag and place client under the dryer for 20 -30 mins depending on the length of hair.
• Once hair is dry bring client back to the chair, unwrap the scarf and section clips and spray with salon sheen spray.
• Get the client approval by showing them the finished look back and sides with the mirror.
• Repeat process as above, but with re-twisting with gel, this is mostly for dread that has been formed and matured for over a year.
• So after moisturising, take each strand of dread twist it from the root making sure it is neat and twist them in a circular motion or from end down to the root until it is tight.
• Secure with prong clip and move on to another dread.
• Repeat the process until all hair is done.
• Repeat process 8-12 above.
You will learn how to
• Comb and detangle hair
• Wash and condition hair
• Blow dry hair and condition it
• Wash and set
• Conditioning treatment
• Undoing braids,cornrows, twist and weaves
• Start to learn basic cornrow
You will learn how to
• Do basic cornrow without adding hair
• Flat twisting
• Straightening hair with straightening iron
• Perming hair
• Relaxing hair with relaxer
• Basic colour
• Trim and cut
You will learn how to
• Do cornrow adding hair
• Do advanced colour
• Do advanced cutting
• Do single braiding without adding hair and with hair
• Do single twist without and with adding hair
• Do dreadlock with comb method
• Do cornrow with adding hair
You will learn how to
• Do Feed in cornrows
• Do Tree braiding and tree cornrow techniques
• Do weaves with closure or leave out
• Do Caucasian and European sewn in weave tracks
• Do pick and drop with 100% human hair extensions
• Do Japanese straightening
• Do finishing, updo styles, wedding and prom styles
• Do Dreadlock interlocking
Level 5 Advanced Module/Speciality
You will learn how to
• Do Sister locks
• Do Faux locks
• Do Dreadlock Extension using natural hair
• Specialise in Single braiding
• Specialise in Senegalese twisting
• Specialise in Weave extension